Winter Vehicle Tips
VEHICLE PREPAREDNESS FOR WINTER STORMS & EXTREME COLD
While the amount of danger from winter weather varies across the country, nearly all Americans, regardless of where they live, are likely to face some type of severe winter weather at some point in their lives. Winter storms can range from a moderate snow over a few hours to a blizzard with blinding, wind-driven snow that
lasts for several days. Many winter storms are accompanied by dangerously low temperatures and sometimes by strong winds, ice, sleet and freezing rain.
A primary concern during winter storms and extreme cold is commuting safely. Most businesses, events and activities will only close down during the worst storms or extreme temperatures during winter. Because of this, it’s important that vehicles are properly prepared for winter conditions to make commuting in these conditions as safe as possible.
WINTERIZE YOUR VEHICLE
CHECK OR HAVE A MECHANIC CHECK THE FOLLOWING ITEMS IN YOUR CAR:
- Antifreeze levels - ensure they are sufficient to avoid freezing.
- Battery and ignition system - should be in top condition,
and battery terminals should be clean.
- Brakes - check for wear and fluid levels.
- Exhaust system - check for leaks and crimped pipes,
and repair or replace as necessary. Carbon monoxide is
deadly and usually gives no warning.
- Fuel and air filters - replace filters and keep water out of
the system by using additives and maintaining a full tank of gas.
A full tank will keep the fuel line from freezing.
- Heater and defroster - ensure they work properly.
- Lights and flashing hazard lights - check for serviceability.
- Oil - check for level and weight. Heavier oils congeal at low
temperatures and do lubricate as well.
- Thermostat - ensure it works properly.
- Windshield wiper equipment - repair any problems and
maintain proper washer fluid level.
- Install good winter tires - make sure the tires have adequate tread.
All-weather radials are usually adequate for most winter conditions.
However, some jurisdictions require that to drive on their roads,
vehicles must be equipped with chains or snow tires with studs.
IF A BLIZZARD TRAPS YOU IN THE CAR
- Pull off the highway. Turn on the hazard lights and hang a distress
flag from the radio antenna or window.
- Remain in your vehicle where rescuers are most likely to find you.
Do not set out on foot unless you can see a building close by where
you know you can take shelter. Be careful—distances are distorted
by blowing snow. A building may seem close, but be too far to walk
to in deep snow.
- Run the engine and heater for about 10 minutes each hour to keep warm.
When the engine is running, open a downwind window slightly for
ventilation and periodically clear snow from the exhaust pipe. This will
protect you from carbon monoxide poisoning.
- Exercise to maintain your body heat, but avoid overexertion.
In extreme cold, use road maps, seat covers and floor mats for
insulation. Huddle with passengers and use your coat for a blanket.
- Take turns sleeping. One person should be awake at all times to
look for rescue crews.
- Eat regularly and drink ample uids to avoid dehydration, but avoid
caffeine and alcohol.
- Be careful not to waste battery power. Balance electrical energy
needs—the use of lights, heat and radio—with supply.
- Turn on the inside light at night so work crews or rescuers can see you.
- If stranded in a remote area, stomp large block letters in an open
area spelling out HELP or SOS and line with rocks or tree limbs to
attract the attention of rescue personnel who may be surveying the area by air.
- Leave the car and proceed on foot—if necessary—once the blizzard passes.
VEHICLE EMERGENCY KIT
Keeping these simple items in your vehicle can keep you and your family safe until help arrives.
- A shovel
- Windshield scraper and small
- Battery-powered radio
- Extra batteries
- Non-perishable snack food
- Extra hats, socks and mittens
- First aid kit with pocket knife
- Necessary medications
- Tow chain or rope
- Road salt and sand
- Booster cables
- Emergency ares
- Fluorescent distress flag